Beer is probably the oldest alcoholic drink ever produced. Records show that in the 5th millennium BC in present-day Iran’s inhabitants indulged in this famous beverage. There are also records of beer consumption in ancient Egypt and in Mesopotamia. Its roots stem from this part of the world. The oldest evidence of beer in Mesopotamia was uncovered by archaeologists, which seems to show people drinking something with straws made from reed.
The oldest surviving beer recipe is almost four thousand years old and describes how to brew beer from barley through bread. The Chinese used to brew beer from barley and other grains. Academics have hypothesized that the invention of bread and subsequently beer has been instrumental in the development of technology and civilization in general. The first beer produced from barley dates back 5,000 years in the Zagros Mountains of Iran.
European monasteries began brewing beer in the 7th century AD. However, it was because of the Industrial Revolution that beer production in Europe shifted from small scale production to industrial manufacture. Today, beer brewing is a multi-billion dollar global business made up of handful multinational corporations and their many subsidiaries. Perhaps the emergence of beer was inevitable because most cereals contain sugars that can undergo spontaneous fermentation because of the wild yeasts in the air.
In the Middle Ages, beer was one of the most common Alcohol drinks and was consumed daily. Beer was very popular in north eastern parts of the continent where grape cultivation was virtually impossible. In southern Europe, wine was more popular but the lower classes consumed beer. However, it is not the case that beer consumption was more common than water.
While beer was enjoyed by the common folk, the science community at the time exhibited a large amount of disdain for the beverage. The primary reason was because ancient Greeks and Arab physicians had little understanding of beer. Adding hops to beer was done first in the 9th century in Europe, but it took some for its full-scale adoption. The main reason was the difficulty associated with determining just how much hops should be used.
The towns of Bohemia were the first to perfect hooped beer in the 13th century. Germans, on the other hand played a pivotal role in designing standardized barrel sizes that made large-scale export possible. This allowed medium-sized operations to safely brew beer. This form of brewing was adopted by Holland and Flanders in the 14th century and by England in the 15th century.
The original Spin Palace casino in early modern Europe, brewing slowly shifted from being a family-centered operation to an artisanal. Pubs and monasteries started to brew beer for general consumption. Unsurprisingly, in the late Middle Ages, brewing in northern Europe shifted to a large-scale export oriented industry. As previously mentioned, the introduction of hops played a pivotal role since it improved the quality of the beer along with the brewing process.
Beer consumption increased per person from 300 liters per year in the 15th century to 700 in the 17th century. While speakeasy clubs were a fun place to visit, not many people were able to gamble in them. It would have been much better if these clubs had casinos which resembled Spinpalace casino, Leovegas, or Mr Green casino. The best casinobonus is offered in any of the aforementioned establishments!
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In the early 16th century, Bavaria adopted a purity law, which was still in use until the 20th century to regulate the ingredients of beer. The purity law stipulated that ingredients used to make beer should only be water, barley and hops. If you are thinking where is the yeast? Well, yeast was actually added to this list in the 1850’s when Louis Pasteur made his discovery. When Otto von Bismarck unified Germany in 1871, this Bavarian law was enforced throughout the newly formed country.
Recent excavations of tombs in China indicate that the ancient Chinese brewed alcoholic beverages from malt and grain converted by mold. However, the first beer brewery in Asia was formed in 1855 in the Himalayan Mountains. Interestingly, the company still exists under the name of Mohan Meakin and is the owner of several large companies.
Beer became part and parcel of an industrial economy once the emergence of the steam engine happened. Other important inventions included the thermometer in 1760 and the hydrometer a decade later. This allowed breweries to become more efficient in their brewing process.